Quran - Sura al-Nasr



The Great Day of Ghadir

The Great Day of Ghadir

The Great Day of Ghadir

The Great Day of Ghadir


The Holy Prophet of Islam, Muhammad ibn `Abdullah

(S.A.) went to Mecca in the last year of his life to perform the

worship of "Hajj'. He also invited all the Muslims to take

part in the Hail ceremonies, and, in response to his invitation,

all those who were able to do so accepted the Prophet's

dictate. In a short while, large numbers of Muslims were

moving towards Mecca. There they performed the glorious

worship of Haji and learned from the Prophet all its customs

and procedures.

When the ceremonies of the Hajj and the visits to the

Holy Ka'aba were over, the caravans made ready their return

and set off. The Prophet, too, accompanied a caravan and set

off for Medina.

The sound of the camel bells had filled the desert. The

weather was hot and the desert scalding. Mid-journey, God's

angel of revelation descended and brought the Prophet this

message from God:

"O Prophet! Deliver to mankind the message that has

descended to you from your Lord. If you do it not, you have

not fulfilled your Divine mission. God will guard you from

the evil of mankind and will not make the unbelievers


At that very spot, the Prophet dismounted to carry out

the Divine command. He called to a group of Muslims and

told them to tell all the caravans that had advanced to come

back, and to tell those that hadn't yet arrived to hurry up.

This group quickly mounted their camels and hastily

reached the caravans which were advancing and they called

out loudly, "Stop! Stop! Come back! Come back!"

The men of the caravans pulled at the bridles of their

camels and the ringing of the bells stopped. One by one they

asked, "Why must we stop? What has happened? Why must

we stop in this heat? Why return?"

The riders told them that the Prophet had commanded

them to return and come to him at the side of the pool-called


The caravans returned and arrived at the side of the

pool, and those that hadn't yet come also arrived. In this way

thousands of Muslims who were on their return from the Hajj

all gathered at Ghadir on the 18th day of the month Zil-Hajjah

and offered the Zohr (noon) prayer with the Holy


Then they built a platform of camel saddles and luggage

and the Holy Prophet stood on the top in order to carry out

the Divine command and deliver to the people that important


The people were all silent and still, waiting to hear the

Prophet's speech, and to know what the "important

message was.

After a very eloquent speech, the Prophet asked the

people in a loud voice and heavenly tone, "O People! Who is

your guide and guardian? Who is your leader and ruler? Am I

not your leader and your guide? Am I not your guardian and


They replied, "O Prophet of God, you are 6ur leader and

ruler. You are our guide."

Then the Holy Prophet called for `Ali ibn Abi Talib and

gave him a place next to himself. He took his hand and held it

aloft, showing this to the people, and in his loudest voice and

most glorious tones he commanded:

"Those whose guide and leader I am, after me, will be

guided and led by `Ali O People! O Muslims! After me, `Ali is

your guide and master".

Then he lifted his hands to the skies and said: `Lord! Be

friendly with the friends of `Ali Be an enemy to the enemies

of `Ali Lord! Help the helpers of `Ali, and humble those that

wish evil of `Ali"

Then he descended from the platform, wiped the sweat

from his forehead, took a deep breath, stood still for a

moment, and commanded the Muslims to. "Make Allegiance

to my brother and successor. congratulate him on his Divine

appointment. He is `Irnam' and Ami, ul-Muminin'.'

The Muslims came forward in groups and took the

strong hand of `Ali ibn Abi Talib and squeezed it and

congratulated him for his position as "leader of the true

believers" and called him `Amir ul-Murninin.

In this way. on the 18th day of the month of ZiLHijjah.

`Ah ibn Abi Talib was selected for leadership and Imamate.

The position of leadership and Imamate became a part of

religion, and with the introduction of leadership. the religion

of Islam became perfect and eternal. In this way, God

entrusted the guardianship and leadership of the Muslims to

the twelve Imams. And. in the age of the Imam's absence, a

virtuous courageous and aware master of the Divine law

(Mujtahid). who also has the capacity to manage. becomes

the representative and successor of the Imam, guiding the

Islamic society their political, social and religious affairs

while the people accept his guidances and ordinances with

relief and gratitude.

Every year, we make this great day a festival and become

happy due to the Irnamate of Imam `Ali. We recognize `Ali as

Imam and leader of the Muslims and we strive to follow him


in words and deeds


(Aalulbayt Global Information Center)

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