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Islamic Leadership

Islamic Leadership

Islamic Leadership

Islamic Leadership

 

Among the most important and eternal principles

of Islam is the principle of leadership, which is also

called guardianship (Wilayah). In Islam, the leadership

of society is a divine responsibility that is not left to

just anyone, and Allah makes known to the people

those righteous and worthy persons that He has chosen

to perform this important task.

During the time of the Prophet (SA), the leader and

guardian of the Islamic society was of course the

Prophet (SA) himself, and he was never irresolute

about performing this important task. He received laws

and commands from Allah and communicated these

to the people, he was commanded by Allah to implement

in society the social and political laws of Islam,

and to lead, through his sacred leadership, the society

to the path towards perfection.

The management of all the political and social affairs

of society was in his hands. The orders for jihad (Islamic

holy war) were issued by the Prophet (SA), and he

personally appointed the commanders of his forces. In

all these responsibilities, he would confer with the

people, but the final decision was always taken by him

and Allah gave him complete authority in this regard.

The Prophet's (SA) decisions took precedence over

the immediate wants of the people, for he was aware

of their best and long-term interests, and was more

able than they were themselves to guide and lead them

to felicity and freedom.

In the Qur'an Allah tells us: `The Prophet is more

in authority over the believers than they themselves."

But this leadership and guardianship is not limited

to the time of the Prophet (SA). Rather the people of

all times need a divine leader and guardian. For this

reason under the command of the Almighty Allah, the

Prophet (SA) appointed Imam `Ali (AS) to be the

leader of the people and the guardian of the society

after himself. At a huge gathering of Muslims, while

returning from his last haji the Prophet (SA)

announced at a place called Ghadir Khumm:

"He whose guardian I am, also his guardian is `Ali"

Thus, it was by the order of Allah that `Ali (AS)

was designated by the Prophet (SA) as the leader and

guardian of Islamic Ummah after himself. Likewise,

`Ali (AS) in turn did not leave the Ummah without a

divine leader. At the command of Allah and in accordance

with the decree of the Prophet (SA) he appointed

al-Imam al-Hasan (AS) to the post of leader-

ship, and made this known to the people.

In the same way, each of the infallible Imams

appointed a successor to lead and guide the Ummah,

until it came to the turn of the Twelfth Imam, Muhammad

al-Mahdi (AS) who, at the order of Allah, was

hidden from the vision of mankind.

During the Imam's Ghaybah (occultation), Muslim

society is not bereft of the proper leadership According

to the words of the Twelfth Imam (AS) and the

Imams before him, the leadership and guidance of Islamic

society during this period is the duty of just,

aware, selfless and brave mujtahidin jurisprudents).

During thisperiod the leader of Islamic society

must be great scholar of Islam. Virtuous and pious.

Who must be totally aware of current political and social

affairs and of the needs of the people. The Muslims

must choose him to be their leader and follow his instructions.

When the Muslims accept such a leader they can

easily gain their freedom and overcome the injustice

and oppression of the tyrannical powers. As is clear,

by accepting the principle of religious leadership. the

people of Iran have freed themselves from the tyranny

and injustice of the puppet regime of the ex-Shah, and

are slowly but surely on their way to overturning the

whole of the oppressive world order.

With perfect vision and decisiveness, the Islamic

leader guides the Ummah in all social and political

affairs. He is ultimately responsible for the armed

forces, and he keeps watch over the laws and management

of society so that by following the Islamic programs

the society moves towards perfection. He puts

a halt to deviations and centralizes all the forces and

resources of the nation. He turns the whole of society

toward a single goal; freedom from oppression and

 

the attainment of sincere service to Allah

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